Migrating with Command Line Tool

Last updated: 2021-06-25 18:52:18

    TDSQL-C (MySQL Edition) supports data migration through a command line tool.

    Data Migration with Command Line Tool

    1. Generate the SQL file to be imported with the MySQL command line tool "mysqldump" in the following way:

      Note:

      The data files exported by using mysqldump must be compatible with the SQL specification of your purchased TDSQL-C (MySQL Edition) database. You can log in to the database and get the MySQL version information by running the select version(); command. The name of the generated SQL file can contain letters, digits, and underscores but not "test".

      shell > mysqldump [options] db_name [tbl_name ...] > bak_pathname
      

      Here, options is the export option, db_name is the database name, tbl_name is the table name, and bak_pathname is the export path.
      For more information on how to export data with mysqldump, please see MySQL's official documentation.

    2. A database can be restored with the MySQL command line tool by running the following command:

      shell > mysql -h hostname -P port -u username -p < bak_pathname
      

      Here, hostname is the target server for data restoration, port is the port of target server, username is the username of the database on the target server, and bak_pathname is the full path to the backup file.

    Migrating Data on Windows

    1. Use the Windows version of mysqldump to dump the data. For more information, please see the description in Data Migration with Command Line Tool.
      Note:

      Make sure that the same source and target database versions, mysqldump tool versions, and source and target database character sets are used. You can specify the character set by using the parameter


      .

    2. Enter the command prompt and restore the data with the MySQL command line tool.
    3. Log in to the MySQL database and you can see the backed up database has already been restored to the server.

    Migrating data on Linux CVM instance

    For more information on how to access a database on a CVM instance, please see Accessing TDSQL-C Cluster.

    1. Taking the db_blog database in TencentDB for example, log in to the CVM instance and generate the SQL file to be imported with the MySQL command line tool "mysqldump".
    2. Restore the data with the MySQL command line tool. In this example, data is restored to the CVM instance. You can see that the backed up database has been imported to the database corresponding to the target CVM instance.

    Issues with Character Set of Imported Data Files

    1. If no character set is specified during data file import into the database, the one set by the database will be used.
    2. Otherwise, the specified character set will be used.
    3. If the specified character set is different from that of TencentDB, garbled text will be displayed.

    For more information, please see the character set description in Use Limits.