Getting Started with Linux CVM

Last updated: 2019-07-25 18:53:25

PDF

This document describes how to create and configure a Linux-based CVM instance.

Step 1: Prepare and Select Model

Sign up for a Tencent Cloud account

For users new to Tencent Cloud, please register on Tencent Cloud official website first. For more information, see How to Sign up for Tencent Cloud.

Specify the region and availability zone

How to select region:

  • Be close to your users
    Choose the region closest to your end users, so as to reduce the network latency and increase the access speed. For example, if most of your users are in North America, then Toronto is a good choice.
  • In the same region
    CVMs in the same region are interconnected with each other via a private network, but those in different regions cannot communicate with each other via a private network. Users who communicate with each other using multiple CVMs via a private network should choose the same region.
    CVMs in the same region can communicate with each other via a private network free of charge.
    CVMs in different regions cannot communicate with each other via a private network but only via Internet with a charge.

Select CVM Model

You can compare the configurations in More Models,and select models according to your actual needs. You can also Upgrade Configuration or Downgrade Configuration later if required.

Choose a billing method

Tencent Cloud supports pay-as-you-good billing method. For more information, see Billing Methods.

Step 2: Create a Linux-based CVM

Please follow the steps below to create a Linux-based CVM.

  1. Log in to the Tencent Cloud, select Products -> Cloud Compute & Network -> Cloud Virtual Machine, then click Get Started to enter the CVM purchase page, and click Create to start the purchase.

  2. Select a region and model. Choosing a region close to your users can minimize network latency and improve download speed.

    image-20181009174217646

  3. Select an image. Select a Linux operating system that meets your requirement.

    image-20181009174332701

  4. Complete storage configuration and set the internet bandwidth. If you do not need to connect to the internet, set the bandwidth value to 0.

    image-20181009174426285

  5. Set the security group, account name and login method.

    image-20181009174512418

  6. Confirm the settings of the CVM and select quantity.

    image-20181009174613350

For more information on how to view internal messages, see the next step.

Step 3: Log in to Linux CVM

This section describes how to log in to the CVM on the console. For more information on other login methods, see Log in to Linux Instance.

Prerequisites

Log into the CVM with the admin account.

  • Admin account ID: "root" for Linux instances ("ubuntu" for Ubuntu system)
  • Password: If you choose "quick configuration", the initial password is randomly assigned by the system. You can check the password in internal message and email
    For more information, see Login Password.

Checking CVM information

After a CVM is purchased and launched, we will send you information of this CVM (including the instance name, public IP, private IP, login name, initial login password) via Tencent Cloud Internal Message.

  1. Log in to CVM console, and you can see the public IP, private IP, and other information.

  2. Click Internal Message at the upper right corner.

  3. The new CVM and its information such as login name and password can be found in the Internal Message page, as shown in areas highlighted in yellow.

    image-20181009175141548

Log in to the CVM through the console

  1. Click the Log In button in the operation column on the CVM list page to log in to the Linux CVM:
    image-20181010110440283

  2. Enter the account ID "root" (or the username you set) and the initial password from the internal message (or the modified password) to log in.

    image-20181010110542743

Step 4: Partition and Format Data Disk

Prerequisites

  • Users who have purchased a data disk need to format it before use, and those who have not purchased a data disk can skip this step.
  • Make sure you have completed Step 3 to log in to the CVM.
  • Mount data disks larger than 2 TB using GPT method. For more information, see Partitioning and Formatting Data Disk with GPT Partition Table.

Partition the data disk

  1. Log in to your Linux CVM by following the method described in Step 3.

    Note:
    It only supports partitioning the data disk, but not the system disk. Forced partitioning of the system disk may lead to system crash or other serious problems, for which Tencent Cloud shall not be held liable.

  2. Enter the command fdisk -l to check the data disk information.
    In this example, a 54 GB data disk (/vdb) needs to be mounted.

    Note:
    Both fdisk -l and df -h commands are used to check the data disk information. However, using the command df -h does not display the information of the data disk if it has not been partitioned and formatted.

  3. Partition the data disk. Perform the operations below by following the instructions on the page:

    (1) Enter `fdisk /dev/vdb` (partition the data disk), and press Enter.

    ​ (2) Enter n (create a new partition), and press Enter.
    ​ (3) Enter p (create an extended partition), and press Enter.
    ​ (4) Enter 1 (use the first primary partition), and press Enter.
    ​ (5) Press Enter (use default settings).
    ​ (6) Press Enter again (use default settings).
    ​ (7) Enter wq (save partition table), and press Enter to start partitioning.

    In this example, we only create one partition. Developers can create multiple partitions according to their own needs.

  4. Use the command fdisk -l to check that the new partition vdb1 has been created.

Format the data disk

  1. Format the new partition
    The new partition needs to be formatted. You can use a file system format based on your own needs, such as ext2 or ext3. In this example, ext3 is used.
    Use the following command to format the new partition:

    mkfs.ext3 /dev/vdb1

  2. Mount the partition
    Use the following command to create a mydata directory and mount the partition under this directory:

    mkdir /mydata
    mount /dev/vdb1 /mydata

    Use the following command to view the status of mounting:

    df -h

    The information of vdb1 shown in the red box indicates that the mounting is successful and the data disk is displayed.

  3. Configure auto mount upon startup
    To allow your CVM to be automatically mounted with the data disk when it is restarted or started up, add the partition information to /etc/fstab.
    Use the following command to add partition information:

    echo '/dev/vdb1 /mydata ext3 defaults 0 0' >> /etc/fstab

    Use the following command to make a check:

    cat /etc/fstab

    The information of vdb1 shown in the red box indicates that the partition information has been successfully added.

Now, you have completed the creation and basic configuration of a Linux CVM.