Enabling Gzip Configuration & Testing

Last updated: 2020-03-09 14:59:36

    For instance of public network CLB or public network CLB with fixed IP, Gzip compression is enabled for HTTP and HTTPS protocols by default. Gzip feature compresses websites, which effectively reduces data volume in network transmission and speeds up access of client browser. Pay attention to the following:

    Notes

    • You must enable Gzip compression on CVM instances in sync
      For common Nginx service containers, you must enable Gzip in their configuration files (nginx.conf by default) and restart the service
      gzip on;
    • Currently, CLB supports the following file types. You can specify the file type for compression in the gzip_types configuration item
      application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/rss+xml application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/css text/plain text/x-component;

      You must enable Gzip in sync for the above file types in the business software of CVM instances of CLB.

    • The client requests must carry the compression request identifier
      To enable Gzip compression, the client requests must carry the following identifier:
      Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate,sdch

    Example of enabling Gzip on CVM Instances

    Example of CVM runtime environment: Debian 6

    1. Use Vim to open the Nginx configuration file based on the user path:

      vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
    2. Find the following code:

      gzip on;
      gzip_min_length 1k;
      gzip_buffers 4 16k;
      gzip_http_version 1.1;
      gzip_comp_level 2;
      gzip_types text/html application/json;

      Description of the above code syntax:

      • gzip: whether to enable or disable Gzip module.
        Syntax: gzip on/off
        Scopes: http, server, location

      • gzip_min_length: specifies the minimum number of bytes that a page can be compressed to. The number of bytes can be obtained from Content-Length in the HTTP header. Default value is 1k.
        Syntax: gzip_min_length length
        Scopes: http, server, location

      • gzip_buffers: specifies the unit of buffer for storing the data stream of the Gzip compression result. 16k means 16k is used as the unit, and memory 4 times the original data size (in 16k) will be applied for.
        Syntax: gzip_buffers number size
        Scopes: http, server, location

      • gzip_http_version: specifies the lowest HTTP version that can use Gzip. Configure HTTP/1.0 means the lowest HTTP version that needs Gzip is 1.0, so Gzip can be compatible with HTTP/1.1 or higher. You do not need to change this since Tencent Cloud supports HTTP/1.1 across the entire network.
        Syntax: gzip_http_version 1.0 | 1.1;
        Scopes: http, server, location

      • gzip_comp_level: specifies the Gzip compression ratio with value range: 1–9. 1 is the smallest compression ratio with the fastest processing speed, while 9 is the greatest compression ratio with the slowest processing speed (fast transmission with high CPU consumption).
        Syntax: gzip_comp_level 1..9
        Scopes: http, server, location

      • gzip_types: indicates the Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) types for compression, and "text/html" type will be compressed by default. In addition, Gzip for Nginx does not compress static resource files such as JavaScript and images by default. You can configure gzip_types to specify MIME types to be compressed. Types that are not specified will not be compressed. For example, to compress data in JSON format, you need to add application/json to this sentence
        The supported types are below:

        text/html text/plain text/css application/x-javascript text/javascript application/xml

        Syntax: gzip_types mime-type [mime-type ...]
        Scopes: http, server, location

    3. To modify the configuration, save and exit the file, enter the Nginx bin file directory, and run the following command to reload Nginx:

      ./nginx -s reload
    4. Use curl command to test whether Gzip has been successfully enabled:

      curl -I -H "Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate" "http://cloud.tencent.com/example/"

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