3D Sound Effect

Last updated: 2018-11-07 17:13:56

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Overview

Thank you for using Tencent Cloud Game Multimedia Engine SDK. This document provides a detailed description that makes it easy for developers to debug and integrate GME 3D sound effect APIs.

3D Sound Effect Integration

1. Initialize 3D sound effect

This function is used to Initialize 3D sound effect after entering the room. This API must be called before using 3D sound effect, no matter for receiving or sending the 3D sound effect.

Function prototype

public abstract int InitSpatializer(string modelPath)
Parameter Type Description
modelPath string Path of 3D effect model file,download model file from this url,md5: d0b76aa64c46598788c2f35f5a8a8694,and you should put this file into the disk of any enduser.

2. Enable/disable 3D sound effect

This function is used to enable/disable 3D sound effect.

Function prototype

QAVAudioCtrl virtual int EnableSpatializer(bool enable, bool applyToTeam)
Parameter Type Description
enable bool Specifies whether to enable 3D sound effect
applyToTeam bool Specifies whether to use spatial audio in the same team

3. Obtain status of 3D sound effect

This function is used to obtain the status of 3D sound effect and returns a Boolean value.

Function prototype

QAVAudioCtrl virtual bool IsEnableSpatializer()
Returned Value Description
true Enabled
false Disabled

4. Update self position (including direction)

This function is used to set its own position and direction related information. This API can be called frame by frame to update the 3D sound effect.

relationship between sound source distance and sound volume attenuation.

In 3D sound effect, the sound volume has a certain attenuation relationship with the sound source distance. When the unit distance exceeds the parameter range, the volume attenuates to almost zero.

Distance Range (In the unit of engine) Attenuation Formula
0< N <range/10 Attenuation coefficient: 1.0 (no attenuation)
N≥range/10 Attenuation coefficient: range/10/N

Function prototype

ITMGRoom virtual void UpdateAudioRecvRange(int range)
Parameter Type Description
range int The range of voice can be reveiced
ITMGRoom virtual intUpdateSelfPosition(int position[3], float axisForward[3], float axisRight[3], float axisUp[3])
Parameter Type Description
position int[] Self-position, the coordinate order is front, right and top
axisForward float[] The front axis value of self coordinate system
axisRight float[] The right axis value of self coordinate system
axisUp float[] The top axis value of self coordinate system

Sample code

Unreal:

FVector cameraLocation = UGameplayStatics::GetPlayerCameraManager(GetWorld(), 0)->GetCameraLocation();
FRotator cameraRotation = UGameplayStatics::GetPlayerCameraManager(GetWorld(), 0)->GetCameraRotation();
int position[] = { (int)cameraLocation.X,(int)cameraLocation.Y, (int)cameraLocation.Z };
FMatrix matrix = ((FRotationMatrix)cameraRotation);
float forward[] = { matrix.GetColumn(0).X,matrix.GetColumn(1).X,matrix.GetColumn(2).X };
float right[] = { matrix.GetColumn(0).Y,matrix.GetColumn(1).Y,matrix.GetColumn(2).Y };
float up[] = { matrix.GetColumn(0).Z,matrix.GetColumn(1).Z,matrix.GetColumn(2).Z};
ITMGContextGetInstance()->GetRoom()->UpdateSelfPosition(position, forward, right, up);     

Unity:

Transform selftrans = currentPlayer.gameObject.transform;
Matrix4x4 matrix = Matrix4x4.TRS(Vector3.zero, selftrans.rotation, Vector3.one);
int[] position = new int[3] { selftrans.position.z, selftrans.position.x, selftrans.position.y };
float[] axisForward = new float[3] { matrix.m22, matrix.m02, matrix.m12 };
float[] axisRight = new float[3] { matrix.m20, matrix.m00, matrix.m10 };
float[] axisUp = new float[3] { matrix.m21, matrix.m01, matrix.m11 };
ITMGContext.GetInstance().GetRoom().UpdateSelfPosition(position, axisForward, axisRight, axisUp);