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Getting Started

Terakhir diperbarui:2022-08-04 15:47:47

    Download and Installation

    • Download the COS XML Mini Program SDK source code from GitHub.
    • Download the XML Mini Program SDK from GitHub.
    • Download the XML Mini Program SDK demo from GitHub.
    • For all the code samples, visit GitHub.
    • For the SDK changelog, see Changelog.
    • For SDK FAQs, see Mini Program SDK.
    Note:

    If you encounter errors such as non-existent functions or methods when using the SDK, update the SDK to the latest version and try again.

    Environmental dependencies

    1. This SDK is only applicable to the WeChat Mini Program environment.
    2. Log in to the COS console, create a bucket, and get the bucket name and region information as described in Regions and Access Endpoints.
    3. Log in to the CAM console and get your project's SecretId and SecretKey.
    Note:

    • For the definitions of parameters such as SecretId, SecretKey, and Bucket, see Introduction.
    • If you use cross-platform frameworks such as uni-app and encounter problems when packaging the iOS or Android app, use the iOS SDK or Android SDK instead.
    • SDKs on versions earlier than v1.2.0 support the XCosSecurityToken field only. For later SDKs, use SecurityToken instead.

    Installing SDK

    There are two ways to install the Mini Program SDK: manual installation and installation through npm, as detailed below.

    Manual installation

    Copy the cos-wx-sdk-v5.js file in the source code directory to any path in the root directory of your mini program code and reference it by using a relative path:

    var COS = require('./lib/cos-wx-sdk-v5.js')
    

    Installation through npm

    If the code of your mini program is packaged with webpack, install the dependencies through npm:

    npm install cos-wx-sdk-v5
    

    Here, the program code is referenced by using var COS = require('cos-wx-sdk-v5');. For more information, see Support for npm.

    Getting Started

    Configuring domain name allowlist for mini program

    To request COS in your mini program, you need to log in to the Weixin Official Accounts Platform and configure the domain name allowlist by navigating to Development > Development Settings > Server Domain Name. The SDK uses the following two APIs:

    1. For cos.postObject, use the wx.uploadFile API.
    2. For other methods, use the wx.request API.

    For both methods, you need to configure the COS domain name. There are two forms of domain name allowlists:

    1. For standard requests, you can configure the bucket domain name as the allowed domain name, for example:
      examplebucket-1250000000.cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com.
    2. If multiple buckets are used in your mini program, you can choose to use suffixed COS requests by passing in ForcePathStyle: true when instantiating the SDK. In this case, you need to configure the region domain name as the allowed domain name, for example, cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com.

    Initialization

    var COS = require('./lib/cos-wx-sdk-v5.js')
    
    var cos = new COS({
      // ForcePathStyle: true, // If multiple buckets are used, you can use suffixed requests to reduce the number of allowed domain names to be configured. The region domain name will be used for requests.
      getAuthorization: function (options, callback) {
          // Get a temporary key asynchronously.
          wx.request({
              url: 'https://example.com/server/sts.php',
              data: {
                  bucket: options.Bucket,
                  region: options.Region,
              },
              dataType: 'json',
              success: function (result) {
                  var data = result.data;
                  var credentials = data && data.credentials;
                  if (!data || !credentials) return console.error('credentials invalid');
                  callback({
                      TmpSecretId: credentials.tmpSecretId,
                      TmpSecretKey: credentials.tmpSecretKey,
                      // For SDKs on versions earlier than v1.2.0, use `XCosSecurityToken` instead of `SecurityToken`.
                      SecurityToken: credentials.sessionToken,
                      // We recommend you use the server time as the signature start time, so as to avoid signature errors due to time deviations.
                      StartTime: data.startTime, // Timestamp in seconds, such as 1580000000.
                      ExpiredTime: data.expiredTime, // Timestamp in seconds, such as 1580000900.
                  });
              }
          });
      }
    });
    // The COS instance can then be used to call a COS request.
    // TODO
    

    Configuration items

    Samples

    Create a COS SDK instance in the following ways:

    • Option 1 (recommended): The backend gets a temporary key and sends it to the frontend for signature calculation.
    var cos = new COS({
      // Required parameter
      getAuthorization: function (options, callback) {
          // For server-side samples for JS and PHP, visit https://github.com/tencentyun/cos-js-sdk-v5/blob/master/server/.
          // For server-side samples for other programming languages, see the COS STS SDK at https://github.com/tencentyun/qcloud-cos-sts-sdk.
          // For the STS documentation, visit https://intl.cloud.tencent.com/document/product/436/14048.
          wx.request({
              url: 'https://example.com/server/sts.php',
              data: {
                  // The required parameters can be obtained from `options`
              },
              success: function (result) {
                  var data = result.data;
                  var credentials = data && data.credentials;
                  if (!data || !credentials) return console.error('credentials invalid');
                  callback({
                      TmpSecretId: credentials.tmpSecretId,
                      TmpSecretKey: credentials.tmpSecretKey,
                      // For SDKs on versions earlier than v1.2.0, use `XCosSecurityToken` instead of `SecurityToken`.
                      SecurityToken: credentials.sessionToken,
                      // We recommend that you use the server time as the signature start time to avoid signature errors caused by time deviations.
                      StartTime: data.startTime, // Timestamp in seconds, such as 1580000000.
                      ExpiredTime: data.expiredTime, // Timestamp in seconds, such as 1580000900.
                  });
              }
          });
      }
    });
    
    Note:

    For more information on how to generate and use a temporary key, see Generating and Using Temporary Keys.

    • Option 2 (recommended): Permissions are controlled in a more refined manner. The backend gets a temporary key and sends it to the frontend. The frontend reuses the key only for the same request, and the backend can granularly manage permissions through Scope.
    var cos = new COS({
      // Required parameter
      getAuthorization: function (options, callback) {
          // Server-side sample: https://github.com/tencentyun/qcloud-cos-sts-sdk/edit/master/scope.md
          wx.request({
              url: 'https://example.com/server/sts-scope.php',
              data: JSON.stringify(options.Scope),
              success: function (result) {
                  var data = result.data;
                  var credentials = data && data.credentials;
                  if (!data || !credentials) return console.error('credentials invalid');
                  callback({
                      TmpSecretId: credentials.tmpSecretId,
                      TmpSecretKey: credentials.tmpSecretKey,
                      // For SDKs on versions earlier than v1.2.0, use `XCosSecurityToken` instead of `SecurityToken`.
                      SecurityToken: credentials.sessionToken,
                      // We recommend you use the server time as the signature start time, so as to avoid signature errors due to time deviations.
                      StartTime: data.startTime, // Timestamp in seconds, such as 1580000000.
                      ExpiredTime: data.expiredTime, // Timestamp in seconds, such as 1580000900.
                      ScopeLimit: true, // For refined permission control, you need to set this parameter to `true`, so that the key can be reused only for the same request.
                  });
              }
          });
      }
    });
    
    Note:

    For more information on how to generate and use a temporary key, see Generating and Using Temporary Keys.

    • Option3 (not recommended): The frontend needs to get a signature through getAuthorization before each request, and the backend uses a permanent or temporary key to calculate the signature and returns it to the frontend. This option makes it difficult to control permissions for multipart upload and thus is not recommended.
    var cos = new COS({
      // Required parameter
      getAuthorization: function (options, callback) {
          // The server obtains a signature. For more information, see the COS SDK for the corresponding programming language at https://intl.cloud.tencent.com/document/product/436/6474?from_cn_redirect=1.
          // Note: There may be a security risk associated with this option. The backend needs to strictly control permissions through `method` and `pathname`, such as prohibiting `put /`.
          wx.request({
              url: 'https://example.com/server/auth.php',
              data: JSON.stringify(options.Scope),
              success: function (result) {
                  var data = result.data;
                  if (!data || !data.authorization) return console.error('authorization invalid');
                  callback({
                      Authorization: data.authorization,
                      // For SDKs on versions earlier than v1.2.0, use `XCosSecurityToken` instead of `SecurityToken`.
                      // SecurityToken: data.sessionToken, // If a temporary key is used, `sessionToken` needs to be passed to `SecurityToken`.
                  });
              }
          });
      },
    });
    
    • Option 4 (not recommended): The frontend uses a permanent key to calculate the signature. This option can be used for frontend debugging. If you use this option, be sure to avoid key disclosure.
    // Log in at https://console.intl.cloud.tencent.com/cam/capi to view and manage the `SECRETID` and `SECRETKEY`.
    var cos = new COS({
      SecretId: 'SECRETID',
      SecretKey: 'SECRETKEY',
    });
    

    Constructor parameters

    Parameter Description Type Required
    SecretId Your SecretId. String No
    SecretKey Your SecretKey. We recommend you only use it for frontend debugging and avoid disclosing it. String No
    FileParallelLimit Number of concurrent file uploads in the same instance. Default value: 3. Number No
    ChunkParallelLimit Number of concurrent part uploads for the same uploaded file. Default value: 3. Number No
    ChunkRetryTimes Number of retries upon multipart upload/copy failure. Default value: 2 (a request will be made three times in total, including the initial one). Number No
    ChunkSize Part size in the multipart upload in bytes. Default value: 1048576 (1 MB). Number No
    SliceSize When files are uploaded in batches through uploadFiles, if the file size is greater than the value of this parameter, multipart upload (sliceUploadFile) will be used; otherwise, simple upload (putObject) will be used. Default value: 1048576 (1 MB). Number No
    CopyChunkParallelLimit Number of concurrent part uploads for the same multipart copy operation. Default value: 20. Number No
    CopyChunkSize Number of bytes in each part during a multipart copy operation through sliceCopyFile. Default value: 10485760 (10 MB). Number No
    CopySliceSize When a file is copied through sliceCopyFile, if the file size is greater than the value of this parameter, multipart copy (sliceCopyFile) will be used; otherwise, simple copy (putObjectCopy) will be used. Default value: 10485760 (10 MB). Number No
    ProgressInterval Callback frequency of the upload progress callback method onProgress in milliseconds. Default value: 1000. Number No
    Protocol The protocol used when the request is made. Valid values: https:, http:. By default, http: will be used when the current page is determined to be in http:; otherwise, https: will be used. String No
    ServiceDomain The request domain name when the getService method is called, such as service.cos.myqcloud.com. String No
    Domain The custom request domain name used to call an API to manipulate a bucket or object. A template can be used, such as "{Bucket}.cos.{Region}.myqcloud.com", which will use the bucket and region passed in the parameters for replacement when an API is called. String No
    UploadQueueSize The maximum size of the upload queue. Excess tasks will be cleared if their status is not waiting, checking, or uploading. Default value: 10000. Number No
    ForcePathStyle Whether to forcibly use a suffix when sending requests. The suffixed bucket will be placed in the pathname after the domain name, and the bucket will be added to the signature pathname for calculation. Default value: false. Boolean No
    UploadCheckContentMd5 Whether to forcibly verify Content-MD5 for file uploads, which will calculate the MD5 checksum of the file request body and place it in the Content-MD5 field of the header. Default value: false. Boolean No
    getAuthorization The callback method for getting the signature. If there is no SecretId or SecretKey, this parameter will be required.
    Note: This callback method is passed in during instance initialization and is only executed to obtain the signature when the instance calls APIs.
    Function No
    UseAccelerate Whether to enable a global acceleration endpoint. Default value: false. If you set the value to true, you need to enable global acceleration for the bucket. For more information, see Enabling Global Acceleration. Boolean No

    getAuthorization callback function description (format 1)

    getAuthorization: function(options, callback) { ... }
    

    getAuthorization callback parameter descriptions:

    Parameter Description Type
    options The parameter object for getting the temporary key. Object
    - Bucket Bucket name in the format of BucketName-APPID. The bucket name entered here must be in this format. String
    - Region Bucket region. For the enumerated values, see Regions and Access Endpoints. String
    callback Callback method after the temporary key is obtained. Function

    After the temporary key is obtained, the callback will return an object. The parameters of the returned object are as listed below:

    Parameter Description Type Required
    TmpSecretId tmpSecretId of the obtained temporary key String Yes
    TmpSecretKey tmpSecretKey of the obtained temporary key String Yes
    SecurityToken sessionToken of the obtained temporary key, which corresponds to the x-cos-security-token field in the header. Use XCosSecurityToken instead of SecurityToken for SDKs on versions earlier than v1.2.0. String Yes
    StartTime The timestamp in seconds when the key is obtained, such as 1580000000. Passing in this parameter as the signature start time can avoid signature expiration issues due to time deviation on the frontend. String No
    ExpiredTime expiredTime of the obtained temporary key in seconds, i.e., the timeout timestamp, such as 1580000900. String Yes

    getAuthorization callback function description (format 2)

    getAuthorization: function(options, callback) { ... }
    

    getAuthorization callback parameter descriptions:

    Parameter Description Type
    options The parameter object for getting the signature Object
    - Method The method of the current request Object
    - Pathname The request path used for signature calculation String
    - Key Object key (object name), which is the unique identifier of the object in the bucket. For more information, see Object Overview.
    Note: This parameter will be empty if the API that uses the instance is not an object-operation API.
    String
    - Query Query parameter in the current request. Format: {key: 'val'}. Object
    - Headers Headers in the current request. Format: {key: 'val'}. Object
    callback Callback after the temporary key is obtained. Function

    Once the getAuthorization callback function is completed, it will return one of the following:
    Format 1: An Authorization string.
    Format 2: An object with the following parameters:

    Parameter Description Type Required
    Authorization Calculated signature string String Yes
    SecurityToken sessionToken of the obtained temporary key, which corresponds to the x-cos-security-token field in the header. Use XCosSecurityToken instead of SecurityToken for SDKs on versions earlier than v1.2.0. String No

    Getting authentication credential

    There are three ways to get the authentication credentials for your instance by passing in different parameters during instantiation:

    1. During instantiation, pass in your SecretId and SecretKey. Each time a signature is required, it will be internally calculated by the instance.
    2. During instantiation, pass in the getAuthorization callback function. Each time a signature is required, it will be calculated and returned to the instance through this callback.
    3. During instantiation, pass in the getSTS callback. Each time a temporary key is required, it will be returned to the instance for signature calculation within the instance during each request.

    Tips

    In most cases, you only need to create a COS SDK instance and use it directly where SDK methods need to be called.

    var cos = new COS({
    ....
    });
    /* Self-encapsulated upload method */
    function myUpload() {
    // COS SDK instances don't need to be created in each method
    // var cos = new COS({
    //   ...
    // });
    cos.putObject({
      ....
    });
    }
    /* Self-encapsulated deletion method */
    function myDelete() {
    // COS SDK instances don't need to be created in each method
    // var cos = new COS({
    //   ...
    // });
    cos.deleteObject({
      ....
    });
    }
    

    Below are some common API samples. For more detailed initialization methods, see the demo at GitHub.

    Creating bucket

    cos.putBucket({
      Bucket: 'examplebucket-1250000000',
      Region: 'ap-beijing',
    }, function (err, data) {
      console.log(err || data);
    });
    
    Note:

    If you need to create a bucket via the mini program, but the bucket name is unknown, you cannot configure the bucket name as an allowed domain name. In this case, you can use suffixed calls. For more information, see APIs.

    Querying bucket list

    cos.getService(function (err, data) {
      console.log(data && data.Buckets);
    });
    

    Uploading object

    The mini program upload API wx.uploadFile only supports POST requests. To upload files with the SDK, you need to use the postObject API. If only the file upload API is needed in your mini program, we recommend you not reference the SDK. For more information, see the demo at GitHub.

    // First, select the file to get the temporary path.
    wx.chooseImage({
      count: 1, // Default value: `9`
      sizeType: ['original'], // You can specify whether to use the original or compressed image. The original is used by default.
      sourceType: ['album', 'camera'], // You can specify whether the source is an album or camera. Both are included by default.
      success: function (res) {
          var filePath = res.tempFiles[0].path;
          var filename = filePath.substr(filePath.lastIndexOf('/') + 1);
          cos.postObject({
              Bucket: 'examplebucket-1250000000',
              Region: 'ap-beijing',
              Key: 'destination path/' + filename,
              FilePath: filePath,
              onProgress: function (info) {
                  console.log(JSON.stringify(info));
              }
          }, function (err, data) {
              console.log(err || data);
          });
      }
    });
    

    Querying object list

    cos.getBucket({
      Bucket: 'examplebucket-1250000000',
      Region: 'ap-beijing',
      Prefix: 'exampledir/', // Pass in the file prefixes to be listed here
    }, function (err, data) {
      console.log(err || data.Contents);
    });
    

    Downloading object

    Note:

    This API is used to read object content. To download a file through a browser, you should first get a download URL through the cos.getObjectUrl method. For more information, see Generating Pre-Signed URL.

    cos.getObject({
      Bucket: 'examplebucket-1250000000',
      Region: 'ap-beijing',
      Key: 'exampleobject.txt',
    }, function (err, data) {
      console.log(err || data.Body);
    });
    

    Deleting object

    cos.deleteObject({
      Bucket: 'examplebucket-1250000000',
      Region: 'ap-beijing',
      Key: 'picture.jpg',
    }, function (err, data) {
      console.log(err || data);
    });
    
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