TcaplusDB uses the read/write capacity mode to calculate the volume of table read/write requests.
It is the minimum request unit of resource access and the minimum statistical unit of requested data reads/writes.
It is the minimum unit of read requests. The response data generated for a request may contain multiple RCUs. The maximum value of an RCU is 4 KB, i.e., an RCU indicates that a read request can be performed on a record that is up to 4 KB in size. If you need to read data of more than 4 KB, you need more RCUs.
The base number of an RCU is 4 KB. The size of a request below 4 KB is calculated as 4 KB, and the size of a request above 4 KB is calculated as a multiple of 4 KB (the remaining part below 4 KB is calculated as 4 KB).
Below is an example:
Read request capacity
You send a request to query a field in a record which is 10 KB in size, and the database returns the value of the specified field of the record. In this case, the response data is 10 KB, which is 3 RCUs.
It is the minimum unit of write requests. The written data generated for a write request may contain multiple WCUs. The maximum value of a WCU is 4 KB, i.e., every 4 KB of written data will be counted as one WCU.
The base number of a WCU is 4 KB. The size of a request below 4 KB is calculated as 4 KB, and the size of a request above 4 KB is calculated as a multiple of 4 KB (the remaining part below 4 KB is calculated as 4 KB).
You can select whether to enable the result flag feature when performing a write operation. If it is enabled, the system will automatically calculate the returned CUs as WCUs.
Consumed number of WCUs = CUs generated by data write + returned CUs
Below is an example:
If you select the preset mode, you need to adjust the preset read/write capacity of the table based on access change. This operation can help you control the TcaplusDB use to keep it at or below the defined request rate, so that you can predict the costs.
To better configure the preset capacity, you need to estimate the application traffic in advance.
It refers to the RCU preconfiguration of a table. You need to estimate the highest RCU consumption per second of the table on the day and set the value as the reserved RCUs.
It refers to the WCU preconfiguration of a table. You need to estimate the highest WCU consumption per second of the table on the day and set the value as the reserved WCUs.
It refers to the preconfiguration of disk capacity usage of a table. You need to estimate the capacity used by the table on the day.
As your configured RCU or WCU value may be too low or the number of access requests may surge, TcaplusDB limits the requests exceeding 40% of the reserved RCUs or WCUs by default. This limit does not block the requests; instead, it makes the requests queue up to reduce the access frequency, which may cause timeout in the program. You can use the monitoring and alarming feature to know whether the current number of requests exceeds the preconfigured capacity.
This limit can prevent your application from consuming too many CUs. However, if requests are limited, they will fail, and many system errors will occur.
You can use TcaplusDB table monitoring to monitor the actual RCUs/WCUs and modify the table quota if necessary.