Karaoke (Android)

Last updated: 2021-10-27 16:26:11

    Demonstration

    You can download and install the app we provide to try out TRTC’s karaoke features, including low-latency karaoke, seat management, gifting, text chat, etc.

    Room owner’s view Listener’s view

    To quickly enable the karaoke feature, you can modify the demo app we provide and adapt it to your needs. You can also use the TUIKaraoke component and customize your own UI.

    Using the Demo App’s UI

    Step 1. Create an application

    1. Log in to the TRTC console and select Development Assistance > Demo Quick Run.
    2. Enter an application name such as TestKaraoke and click Create.
    3. Click Next to skip this step.

    Note:

    This feature uses two basic PaaS services of Tencent Cloud, namely TRTC and IM. When you activate TRTC, IM will be activated automatically. IM is a value-added service. See Value-added Service Pricing for its billing details.

    Step 2. Download the app source code

    Clone or download the TUIKaraoke source code.

    Step 3. Configure app project files

    1. In the Modify Configuration step, select the development platform in line with the source package downloaded.
    2. Find and open Android/Debug/src/main/java/com/tencent/liteav/debug/GenerateTestUserSig.java.
    3. Set parameters in GenerateTestUserSig.java as follows:
      • SDKAPPID: a placeholder by default. Set it to the actual `SDKAppID`.
      • SECRETKEY: a placeholder by default. Set it to the actual key.
    4. Click Next to complete the creation.
    5. After compilation, click Return to Overview Page.
    Note:

    • The method for generating UserSig described in this document involves configuring SECRETKEY in client code. In this method, SECRETKEY may be easily decompiled and reversed, and if your key is disclosed, attackers can steal your Tencent Cloud traffic. Therefore, this method is suitable only for the local execution and debugging of the demo app.
    • The correct UserSig distribution method is to integrate the computing code of UserSig into your server and provide an app-oriented API. When UserSig is required, your app can send a request to the business server to obtain the dynamic UserSig. For more information, please see "Generating a UserSig on the Server" in Generating UserSig.

    Step 4. Run the demo app

    Open the source code project TUIKaraoke with Android Studio (version 3.5 or above) and click Run.

    Step 5. Modify the demo app’s source code

    The Source folder in the source code contains two subfolders: ui and model. The ui subfolder contains UI code. The table below lists the files (folders) and the UI views they represent. You can refer to it when making UI changes.

    File or Folder Description
    base Base class used by the UI
    room Main room views for room owner and listener
    widget Common controls

    Tryout

    Note:

    You need at least two devices to try out the demo app.

    User A

    1. Enter a username (which must be unique) and log in.
    2. Tap Create Room.
    3. Enter the room subject and click Sing Together.

    User B

    1. Enter a username (which must be unique) and log in.
    2. Enter the room ID created by user A and click Enter Room.
    Note:

    You can find the room ID at the top of user A’s room view.

    Customizing Your Own UI

    The Source folder in the source code contains two subfolders: ui and model. The model folder contains the reusable open-source component TRTCKaraokeRoom. You can find the component’s APIs in TRTCKaraokeRoom.java and use them to customize your own UI.

    Step 1. Integrate the SDK

    The karaoke component TRTCKaraokeRoom depends on the TRTC SDK and IM SDK. Follow the steps below to integrate them into your project.

    Method 1: adding dependencies via Maven

    1. Add the TRTC SDK and IM SDK dependencies to dependencies.
      dependencies {
      complie "com.tencent.liteav:LiteAVSDK_TRTC:latest.release"
      complie 'com.tencent.imsdk:imsdk:latest.release'
      compile 'com.google.code.gson:gson:2.3.1'
      }
    Note:

    You can view the latest version numbers of the two SDKs by visiting their GitHub pages at TRTC and IM.

    1. In defaultConfig, specify the CPU architecture to be used by your application.

      defaultConfig {
      ndk {
      abiFilters "armeabi-v7a"
      }
      }
    2. Click Sync Now to automatically download the SDKs and integrate them into your project.

    Method 2: adding dependencies through local AAR files
    If your access to the Maven repository is slow, you can download the ZIP files of the SDKs and manually integrate them into your project as instructed in the documents below.

    SDK Download Page Integration Guide
    TRTC SDK DOWNLOAD Integration document
    IM SDK DOWNLOAD Integration document

    Step 2. Configure permission requests and obfuscation rules

    Configure permission requests for your app in AndroidManifest.xml. The SDKs need the following permissions (on Android 6.0 and above, the read storage permission must be requested at runtime.)

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECORD_AUDIO">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.MODIFY_AUDIO_SETTINGS">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE">

    In the proguard-rules.pro file, add the SDK classes to the "do not obfuscate" list.

    -keep class com.tencent.** { *; }

    Step 3. Import the TRTCKaraoke component

    Copy all the files in the directory below to your project:

    Source/src/main/java/com/tencent/liteav/tuikaraoke/model

    Step 4. Create an instance and log in

    1. Call the sharedInstance API to create an instance of the TRTCKaraoke component.
    2. Call the setDelegate function to register event callbacks of the component.
    3. Call the login function to log in to the component, and set the key parameters as described below.
      Parameter Description
      sdkAppId You can view the `SDKAppID` in the TRTC console.
      userId ID of the current user, which is a string that can contain letters (a-z and A-Z), digits (0-9), hyphens (-), and underscores (_).
      userSig Tencent Cloud's proprietary security signature. To obtain one, please see UserSig.
      callback Login callback. The code is 0 if login is successful.
      TRTCKaraoke mTRTCKaraokeRoom = TRTCKaraokeRoom.sharedInstance(this);
      mTRTCKaraokeRoom.setDelegate(this);
      mTRTCKaraokeRoom.login(SDKAPPID, userId, userSig, new TRTCKaraokeRoomCallback.ActionCallback() {
      @Override
      public void onCallback(int code, String msg) {
      if (code == 0)
      {![](https://main.qcloudimg.com/raw/7e61af0f3de8302260a1e10d7da6231e.png)
      // Logged in
      }
      }
      });

    Step 5. Create a room and become a speaker

    1. After performing step 4 to log in, call setSelfProfile to set your nickname and profile photo.
    2. A user calls createRoom to create a karaoke room, passing in room attributes (e.g., room ID, whether listeners require room owner’s consent to speak, number of seats).
    3. After creating the room, call enterSeat to take a seat.
    4. The user will receive an onSeatListChanget notification about the change of the seat list, and can update the change to the UI.
    5. The user will also receive an onAnchorEnterSeat notification that someone became a speaker, and mic capturing will be enabled automatically.
    // 1. Set your nickname and profile photo
    mTRTCKaraokeRoom.setSelfProfile("my_name", "my_face_url", null);

    // 2. Call `createRoom` to create a room
    final TRTCKaraokeRoomDef.RoomParam roomParam = new TRTCKaraokeRoomDef.RoomParam();
    roomParam.roomName = "Room name";
    roomParam.needRequest = false; // Whether your consent is required for listeners to speak
    roomParam.seatCount = 7; // Number of room seats. In this example, the number is 7. 6 seats are available after you take one.
    roomParam.coverUrl = "URL of room cover image";
    mTRTCKaraokeRoom.createRoom(mRoomId, roomParam, new TRTCKaraokeRoomCallback.ActionCallback() {
    @Override
    public void onCallback(int code, String msg) {
    if (code == 0)
    {
    // 3. Take seat 0
    mTRTCKaraokeRoom.enterSeat(0, new TRTCKaraokeRoomCallback.ActionCallback() {
    @Override
    public void onCallback(int code, String msg) {
    if (code == 0)
    {
    }
    }
    });
    }
    }
    });

    // 4. After taking a seat, you receive an `onSeatListChange` notification
    @Override
    public void onSeatListChange(final List<trtckaraokeroomdef.seatinfo> seatInfoList) {
    // Display the seat list
    }

    // 5. You receive an `onAnchorEnterSeat` notification
    @Override
    public void onAnchorEnterSeat(TRTCKaraokeRoomDef.UserInfo userInfo) {
    }

    Step 6. Enter a room as a listener

    1. After performing step 4 to log in, you can call setSelfProfile to set your nickname and profile photo.
    2. Get the latest karaoke room list from the backend.
      Note:

      The room list in the demo app is for demonstration only. The business logic of karaoke room lists varies significantly. Tencent Cloud does not provide list management services for the time being. Please manage the list by yourself.

    3. Call getRoomInfoList to get short descriptions of the rooms, which are provided by the room owner during room creation via the calling of createRoom.
      Note:

      If your karaoke list already contains enough room information, you can skip the step of calling getRoomInfoList.

    4. The user selects a karaoke room, and calls enterRoom with the room ID passed in to enter.
    5. After entering the room, the user receives an onRoomInfoChange notification about room attribute change from the component. The attributes can be recorded, and corresponding changes can be made to the UI, including room name, whether room owner’s consent is required for listeners to speak, etc.
    6. The user will receive an onSeatListChange notification about the change of the seat list and can update the change to the UI.
    7. The user will also receive an onAnchorEnterSeat notification that someone became a speaker.
    // 1. Set your nickname and profile photo
    mTRTCKaraokeRoom.setSelfProfile("my_name", "my_face_url", null);

    // 2. Assume that you get the room list `roomList` from the business backend
    List<integer> roomList = GetRoomList();

    // 3. Call `getRoomInfoList` to get details of the rooms
    mTRTCKaraokeRoom.getRoomInfoList(roomList, new TRTCKaraokeRoomCallback.RoomInfoCallback() {
    @Override
    public void onCallback(int code, String msg, List<trtckaraokeroomdef.roominfo> list) {
    if (code == 0)
    {
    // Refresh the room list on your UI
    }
    }
    });

    // 4. Select a karaoke room, and pass in the `roomId` to enter it
    mTRTCKaraokeRoom.enterRoom(roomId, new TRTCKaraokeRoomCallback.ActionCallback() {
    @Override
    public void onCallback(int code, String msg) {
    if (code == 0)
    {
    // Entered room successfully
    }
    }
    });

    // 5. After entering the room, you receive an `onRoomInfoChange` notification
    @Override
    public void onRoomInfoChange(TRTCKaraokeRoomDef.RoomInfo roomInfo) {
    mNeedRequest = roomInfo.needRequest;
    mRoomName = roomInfo.roomName;
    // The UI can display the title and other information
    }

    // 6. After entering the room, you receive an `onSeatListChange` notification
    @Override
    public void onSeatListChange(final List<trtckaraokeroomdef.seatinfo> seatInfoList) {
    // Display the seat list
    }

    // 7. You receive an `onAnchorEnterSeat` notification
    @Override
    public void onAnchorEnterSeat(TRTCKaraokeRoomDef.UserInfo userInfo) {
    }

    Step 7. Manage seats

    1. A room owner can put a listener in a seat by passing the userId of the listener and the seat number in pickSeat. All members in the room will receive an onSeatListChange notification and an onAnchorEnterSeat notification.
    2. A room owner can remove a user from a seat by passing the seat number in kickSeat. All members in the room will receive an onSeatListChange notification and an onAnchorLeaveSeat notification.
    3. A room owner can mute or unmute a seat by passing the seat number in muteSeat. All members in the room will receive an onSeatListChange notification and an onSeatMute notification.
    4. A room owner can block or unblock a seat by passing the seat number in closeSeat. Listeners cannot take a blocked seat, and all members in the room will receive an onSeatListChange notification and an onSeatClose notification.

    Step 8. Use signaling for invitations

    In seat management, listeners can take and leave seats without the room owner’s consent, and the room owner can put listeners in seats without the listeners’ consent.
    If you want listeners and room owners to obtain each other’s consent before performing the above actions in your app, you can use signaling for invitation sending.

    1. A listener calls sendInvitation, passing in information including the room owner’s userId and custom command words. The API will return an inviteId, which should be recorded.
    2. The room owner receives an onReceiveNewInvitation notification, and a window pops up on the UI asking the room owner whether to accept the request.
    3. The room owner calls acceptInvitation with the inviteId passed in to accept the request.
    4. The listener receives an onInviteeAccepted notification and calls enterSeat to become a speaker.

    // Listener
    // 1. Call sendInvitation to request to take seat 1
    String inviteId = mTRTCKaraokeRoom.sendInvitation("ENTER_SEAT", ownerUserId, "1", null);

    // 2. Put the user in the seat when the invitation is accepted by the listener
    @Override
    public void onInviteeAccepted(String id, String invitee) {
    if(id.equals(inviteId))
    {
    mTRTCKaraokeRoom.enterSeat(1, null);
    }
    }

    // Room owner
    // 1. Receive the request
    @Override
    public void onReceiveNewInvitation(final String id, String inviter, String cmd, final String content) {
    if (cmd.equals("ENTER_SEAT"))
    {
    // 2. Accept the request
    mTRTCKaraokeRoom.acceptInvitation(id, null);
    }
    }

    Step 9. Enable text chat and on-screen comments

    • Call sendRoomTextMsg to send common text messages. All users in the room will receive an onRecvRoomTextMsg callback.
      IM has its default content moderation rules. Text messages that contain restricted terms will not be forwarded by the cloud.
      // Sender: send text messages
      mTRTCKaraokeRoom.sendRoomTextMsg("Hello Word!", null);
      // Recipient: listen for text messages
      mTRTCKaraokeRoom.setDelegate(new TRTCKaraokeRoomDelegate() {
      @Override
      public void onRecvRoomTextMsg(String message, TRTCKaraokeRoomDef.UserInfo userInfo) {
      Log.d(TAG, "Received a message from" + userInfo.userName + ": " + message);
      }
      });
    • Call sendRoomCustomMsg to send custom (signaling) messages. All users in the room will receive an onRecvRoomCustomMsg callback.
      Custom messages are often used to transfer custom signals, e.g., to give and broadcast likes.
      // Sender: customize CMD to distinguish between on-screen comments and likes
      // For example, use "CMD_DANMU" to indicate on-screen comments and "CMD_LIKE" to indicate likes
      mTRTCKaraokeRoom.sendRoomCustomMsg("CMD_DANMU", "Hello world", null);
      mTRTCKaraokeRoom.sendRoomCustomMsg("CMD_LIKE", "", null);
      // Recipient: listen for custom messages
      mTRTCKaraokeRoom.setDelegate(new TRTCKaraokeRoomDelegate() {
      @Override
      public void onRecvRoomCustomMsg(String cmd, String message, TRTCKaraokeRoomDef.UserInfo userInfo) {
      if ("CMD_DANMU".equals(cmd))
      {
      // Receive an on-screen comment
      Log.d(TAG, "Received an on-screen comment from" + userInfo.userName + ": " + message);
      } else if ("CMD_LIKE".equals(cmd)) {
      // Receive a like
      Log.d(TAG, userInfo.userName + "liked you.");
      }
      }
      });