Using COS for Backup and Recovery

Last updated: 2019-06-28 12:17:59

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Creating a Repository

You can create a repository by running the following command:

PUT _snapshot/my_cos_backup
{
    "type": "cos",
    "settings": {
        "app_id": "xxxxxxx",
        "access_key_id": "xxxxxx",
        "access_key_secret": "xxxxxxx",
        "bucket": "xxxxxx",
        "region": "ap-guangzhou",
        "compress": true,
        "chunk_size": "500mb",
        "base_path": "/"
    }
}
  • app_id: APPID of your Tencent Cloud account.
  • access_key_id: SecretId of your TencentCloud API key.
  • access_key_secret: SecretKey of your TencentCloud API key.
  • bucket: Name of the COS bucket.
  • region: Region of the COS bucket. It is recommended to select the same region as the ES cluster.
  • base_path: Backup directory.

Listing Repository Information

You can get the repository information by running the following command:

GET _snapshot

You can also get the information of the specified repository by running GET _snapshot/my_cos_backup.

Creating a Snapshot Backup

Backing up All Indices

Back up all indices in the ES cluster to the repository my_cos_backup and name it snapshot_1.

PUT _snapshot/my_cos_backup/snapshot_1

This command will be returned immediately and executed asynchronously in the background until the end.
If you want to block the execution of the snapshot creating command, you can add the wait_for_completion parameter:

PUT _snapshot/my_cos_backup/snapshot_1?wait_for_completion=true

The duration of the command execution depends on the index size.

Backing up the Specified Index

You can specify the index to be backed up when creating a snapshot:

PUT _snapshot/my_cos_backup/snapshot_2
{
    "indices": "index_1,index_2"
}

If the value of the parameter "indices" is multiple indices, they should be separated by , with no spaces.

Querying a Snapshot

Query the information of a single snapshot:

GET _snapshot/my_cos_backup/snapshot_1

This command will return the information about the snapshot:

{
    "snapshots": [
        {
            "snapshot": "snapshot_1",
            "uuid": "zUSugNiGR-OzH0CCcgcLmQ",
            "version_id": 5060499,
            "version": "5.6.4",
            "indices": [
                "index_1",
                "index_2"
            ],
            "state": "SUCCESS",
            "start_time": "2018-05-04T11:44:15.975Z",
            "start_time_in_millis": 1525434255975,
            "end_time": "2018-05-04T11:45:29.395Z",
            "end_time_in_millis": 1525434329395,
            "duration_in_millis": 73420,
            "failures": [],
            "shards": {
                "total": 3,
                "failed": 0,
                "successful": 3
            }
        }
    ]
}

Deleting a Snapshot

Delete the specified snapshot:

DELETE _snapshot/my_cos_backup/snapshot_1

If there are uncompleted snapshots, the snapshot deleting command will still be executed and cancel the creation of such snapshots.

Restoring from a Snapshot

Restore all indices backed up in the snapshot to the ES cluster:

POST _snapshot/my_cos_backup/snapshot_1/_restore

If snapshot_1 contains 5 indices, then all of them will be restored to the ES cluster.
You can also rename the indices through an additional option. This option allows you to match the index name by pattern and provide a new name through the restoration process. Use this option if you want to restore old data to verify the content or perform other operations without replacing existing data.
Restore a single index from a snapshot and provide an alternate name:

POST /_snapshot/my_cos_backup/snapshot_1/_restore
{
    "indices": "index_1",
    "rename_pattern": "index_(.+)",
    "rename_replacement": "restored_index_$1"
}
  • indices: Only restore the index "index_1" and ignore other indices in the snapshot.
  • rename_pattern: Find the index being restored that can be matched by the specified pattern.
  • rename_replacement: Rename the matching index to an alternate name.

Querying Snapshot Restoration Status

You can check the status of snapshot restoration and monitor the progress by running the _recovery command.
You can call the following API separately in the index specified for restoration:

GET index_1/_recovery

This command will return the restoration status of each shard of the specified index:

{
    "sonested": {
        "shards": [
            {
                "id": 1,
                "type": "SNAPSHOT",
                "stage": "INDEX",
                "primary": true,
                "start_time_in_millis": 1525766148333,
                "total_time_in_millis": 8718,
                "source": {
                    "repository": "my_cos_backup",
                    "snapshot": "snapshot",
                    "version": "5.6.4",
                    "index": "index_1"
                },
                "target": {
                    "id": "TlzmxJHwSqyv4rhyQfRkow",
                    "host": "10.0.0.6",
                    "transport_address": "10.0.0.6:9300",
                    "ip": "10.0.0.6",
                    "name": "node-1"
                },
                "index": {
                    "size": {
                        "total_in_bytes": 1374967573,
                        "reused_in_bytes": 0,
                        "recovered_in_bytes": 160467084,
                        "percent": "11.7%"
                    },
                    "files": {
                        "total": 132,
                        "reused": 0,
                        "recovered": 20,
                        "percent": "15.2%"
                    },
                    "total_time_in_millis": 8716,
                    "source_throttle_time_in_millis": 0,
                    "target_throttle_time_in_millis": 0
                },
                "translog": {
                    "recovered": 0,
                    "total": 0,
                    "percent": "100.0%",
                    "total_on_start": 0,
                    "total_time_in_millis": 0
                },
                "verify_index": {
                    "check_index_time_in_millis": 0,
                    "total_time_in_millis": 0
                }
            }
        ]
    }
}
  • type: This describes the nature of the restoration, i.e., this shard is restored from a snapshot.
  • source: The hash describes the specific snapshot and repository as the source of restoration.
  • percent: This describes the status of restoration. The particular shard has now restored 94% of the files, so it is almost finished.

The output lists all the indices that are being restored and all the shards in them. Each shard contains statistics such as start/stop time, duration, percentage of restoration, and number of bytes transferred.

Canceling Snapshot Restoration

DELETE /restored_index_1

If restored_index_1 is being restored, this deleting command will stop the restoration and delete all data that has been restored to the cluster.