CLB Attributes Selection

Last updated: 2020-08-20 09:23:25

    On CLB purchase page, you can select CLB instances of different attributes. This document describes how to purchase instances based on business scenarios.

    Region

    • We recommend you select the region closest to your client to reduce delay and accelerate the download speed.
    • CLB can only forward traffic to CVM instances in the same region. Please select the region where your CVM instance is located before creating a CLB instance.
    • CLB can forward traffic to CVM instances in multiple availability zones in the same region. For example, a CLB instance in Beijing can forward traffic to CVM instances in Beijing Zone 1, Beijing Zone 2, and Beijing Zone 3.
    • A public network CLB (formerly "application CLB") instance supports cross-region binding of CVM. You can select the region of real servers and bind them across VPCs or regions. For example, you can bind a CLB instance in Beijing to a CVM instance in Shanghai to forward the client traffic to the latter. For more information, please see Cross-Region Binding of CLB.

    Instance Types

    CLB instances can be classified into two types: CLB (formerly "application CLB") and Classic CLB. CLB covers all features of Classic CLB. Based on product features and performance, we recommend you use CLB. For detailed comparison, please see Instance Types.

    Network Types

    Public network CLB

    If you need to use CLB to distribute requests from the public network, please select "Public Network".
    Public network CLB instances obtain requests from the client via the internet and distribute them to the bound real servers. After you create a public network CLB instance, Tencent Cloud will assign it a VIP address to be resolved by DNS server. Public network CLB allows you to add CNAME and A records and map them to custom domain names. VIPs of public network CLB instances are fixed BGP public network IPs. They can receive HTTP, HTTPS, TCP, UDP, and other requests from the server.

    • Use Cases
      • A server cluster is used to provide services to public networks. A unified entry is required, while requests from users of public networks should be assigned to server clusters.
      • Users of different ISPs are connected to networks closest to them to accelerate network access.
    • Billing Description
      • For public network CLB instances purchased by non-bill-by-IP accounts, only instance fees will be charged. The public network bandwidth and traffic fees generated by services can be billed on the real server. For more information, please see Billing Description for Non-Bill-by-IP Account.
      • For public network CLB instances purchased by bill-by-IP accounts, instance fees and public network fees will be charged.

    Private network CLB

    If you need to use CLB to distribute requests from private networks, please select "Private Network".
    Both the client and server of private network CLB are in Tencent Cloud and can only be accessed within Tencent Cloud. Access via the internet is not allowed (no public network IP address). Tencent Cloud will assign a private IP to CLB from the network you have selected (such as a VPC). The request traffic will be routed to the backend CVM instance via this IP address.
    If your application has multiple layers, such as web servers that can communicate over the internet or database servers that can only communicate over the private network, you can create a framework with both public and private network CLB instances. You can then connect all web servers to the public network CLB instance and database servers to the private network CLB instance. The public network CLB instance receives requests from the internet and sends them to the real servers. After being processed, requests to database will be sent to private network CLB instance, which will then route the requests to database servers.

    • Use Cases
      • Tencent Cloud has more than one internal servers. Requests from the client need to be allocated to servers properly.
      • Fault tolerance and restoration are needed for the internal server cluster.
      • The service provider wants to block their own physical IP addresses and provide imperceptible services to the client.
    • Billing Description
      Private network CLB instances are free of charge.

    IP Version

    For CLB IP versions, you can select IPv4, IPv6, or IPv6 NAT64. Currently, IPv6 is fully supported in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Singapore regions.

    Enabling Anycast

    If you check "Enable Anycast", an Anycast CLB instance will be created. Anycast CLB is a load balancing service that supports cross-region dynamic acceleration. CLB VIP is published in multiple regions. The client connects to the nearest POP and forwards traffic to a CVM instance through the high-speed internet of Tencent Cloud IDC. For more information, see Creating an Anycast Instance.

    Instance Name

    CLB instance name, which can contain 1–50 characters.

    Purchase Quantity

    Number of purchased CLB instances.

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