API Authentication

Last updated: 2020-08-04 14:33:17

    TencentCloud API authenticates each access request using the signature algorithm (Signature), so each request is required to include Signature for user authentication.

    Before using a TencentCloud API for the first time, you need to apply for security credentials in the Tencent Cloud Console. The security credential consists of SecretId and SecretKey. SecretId is used to identify the API requester, while SecretKey is used to encrypt the strings to create a signature so that Tencent Cloud server can validate the identity of the requester. Keep your SecretKey private and avoid disclosure. If you already have the security credential, skip to the “Generating a Signature String” section.

    Applying for Security Credentials

    Before using a TencentCloud API for the first time, you need to apply for security credentials.

    1. Log in to the API Key Management console.
    2. Click Create Key to create one SecretId/SecretKey pair. Each account can have at most two keys.

    Generating a Signature String

    Suppose that the SecretId and SecretKey obtained from the last step are:

    • SecretId: AKIDz8krbsJ5yKBZQpn74WFkmLPx3gnPhESA.
    • SecretKey: Gu5t9xGARNpq86cd98joQYCN3Cozk1qA.

    To make a request for querying the list of CVM instances, the request parameters are:

    Parameter Parameter Format
    Action Action=DescribeInstances
    SecretId SecretId= AKIDz8krbsJ5yKBZQpn74WFkmLPx3gnPhESA
    Current timestamp Timestamp=1408704141
    Random positive integer Nonce=345122
    Region Region=gz
    First CVM instance ID to query instanceIds.0=qcvm12345
    Second CVM instance to query instanceIds.1=qcvm56789

    To generate an API signature, do as follows:

    Sorting parameters

    Sort the request parameters in an ascending lexicographical order by their names (such as using the ksort function in PHP), and the result is as follows:

    {
      'Action' : 'DescribeInstances',
      'Nonce' : 345122,
      'Region' : 'gz',
      'SecretId' : 'AKIDz8krbsJ5yKBZQpn74WFkmLPx3gnPhESA',
      'Timestamp' : 1408704141
      'instanceIds.0' : 'qcvm12345',
      'instanceIds.1' : 'qcvm56789',
    }

    Concatenating request strings

    Format the above sorted request parameters as k=v, and then combine them with "&". Please note that v is the original value, instead of the URL-encoded value.

    Action=DescribeInstances&Nonce=345122&Region=gz&SecretId=AKIDz8krbsJ5yKBZQpn74WFkmLPx3gnPhESA&Timestamp=1408704141& instanceIds.0=qcvm12345&instanceIds.1=qcvm56789

    Concatenating original signature strings

    The following parameters are required for constructing original signature strings:

    • Request method: POST and GET methods are supported. The GET request method is used here.
    • Request CVM: cvm.api.qcloud.com. Domain names vary depending on the module to which the API belongs. For more information, see the descriptions of each API.
    • Request path: /v2/index.php.
    • Request string: the string generated in the previous 2 steps.

    Construct an original signature string in the format of:
    Request method + request CVM + request path + ? + request string.

    The resulting string in the example is:

    GETcvm.api.qcloud.com/v2/index.php?Action=DescribeInstances&Nonce= 345122&Region=gz&SecretId=AKIDz8krbsJ5yKBZQpn74WFkmLPx3gnPhESA&Timestamp=1408704141

    Generating a signature string

    1. Sign the original signature string obtained in the previous step using the HMAC-SHA1 algorithm.
    2. Encode the generated signature using Base64 to obtain the final signature string.

    The sample code in PHP is as follows:

    $secretKey = 'Gu5t9xGARNpq86cd98joQYCN3Cozk1qA';
    $srcStr = 'GETcvm.api.qcloud.com/v2/index.php?Action=DescribeInstances&Nonce=345122&Region=gz&SecretId=AKIDz8krbsJ5yKBZQpn74WFkmLPx3gnPhESA&Timestamp=1408704141';
    $signStr = base64_encode(hash_hmac('sha1', $srcStr, $secretKey, true));
    echo $signStr;

    The signature string obtained is as follows:

    HgIYOPcx5lN6gz8JsCFBNAWp2oQ=

    You can use any other programming languages as long as the resulting signature is the same as the one in this example.

    Adding a signature and sending requests

    • Add the Signature parameter, which is the signature string generated in the previous step, to the request parameter, and convert the signature to a URL-encoded one. The HgIYOPcx5lN6gz8JsCFBNAWp2oQ= signature generated above is encoded to HgIYOPcx5lN6gz8JsCFBNAWp2oQ%3D.

    • If you use the GET request method, all the request parameter values must be URL-encoded. If you use the POST request method, URL encoding is only needed for Signature parameter.

    • Send HTTPS protocol request to obtain the returned value of API in JSON string format.

    The final request URL in the example is as follows:

    https://cvm.api.qcloud.com/v2/index.php?Action=DescribeInstances
    &Nonce=345122
    &Region=gz
    &SecretId=AKIDz8krbsJ5yKBZQpn74WFkmLPx3gnPhESA
    &Signature=HgIYOPcx5lN6gz8JsCFBNAWp2oQ%3D
    &Timestamp=1408704141
    &instanceIds.0=qcvm12345
    &instanceIds.1=qcvm56789 

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