Modifying VNC Resolution

Last updated: 2020-06-24 18:29:52

    Overview

    Some Linux system images have lower VNC display resolutions by default. For example, the VNC resolution for CentOS is only 720 * 400. You can set the VNC resolution to 1024 * 768 by modifying the parameter grub.
    If Windows system images have very low VNC resolutions, some applications may fail to be properly displayed or opened. To avoid these issues, you need to modify the resolutions of Windows system images.

    This document describes how to adjust the VNC display resolution of a CVM.

    Directions

    Modifying the VNC resolution of a Windows CVM instance

    The steps below describe how to modify the VNC resolution of a Windows instance on the Windows Server 2012 operating system.

    1. Log in to a Windows instance via VNC.
    2. Right-click on the desktop and select Screen resolution, as shown below:
    3. In the “Screen Resolution” window, set Resolution to your desired value and click Apply, as shown below:
    4. In the pop-up window, click Keep changes.
    5. Click OK to close the “Screen Resolution” window.

    Modifying the VNC resolution of a Linux CVM instance

    More recent Linux images such as CentOS 7, CentOS 8, Ubuntu, and Debian 9.0 adopt a default VNC resolution of 1024 * 768, which can be used without any modifications. The guide below introduces how to modify the VNC resolutions of Linux instances on the CentOS 6 and Debian 7.8 operating systems.

    CentOS 6

    A CentOS 6 image has a VNC resolution of 720 * 400 by default. To set its resolution to 1024 * 768, modify the launch parameter grub as follows:

    1. Run the following command to open the /etc/grub.conf file.
      vi /etc/grub.conf
    2. Press i to switch to the editing mode, and add vga=792 to the parameter grub, as shown below:
    3. Press Esc, enter :wq, and save and close the file.
    4. Run the following command to reboot the CVM.
      reboot

    Debian 7.8

    Both Debian 7.8 and Debian 8.2 images have VNC resolutions of 720 * 400 by default. To set their resolutions to 1024 * 768, modify the launch parameter grub as follows:

    1. Run the following command to open the grub file.
      vi /etc/default/grub
    2. Press i to switch to the editing mode and add vga=792 to the end of the parameter value GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT.
    3. Press Esc, enter :wq, and save and close the file.
    4. Run the following command to update the grub.cfg file.
      grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
    5. Run the following command to reboot the CVM.
      reboot

    Appendix

    The table below compares the resolution and VGA parameters:

    Resolution640 * 480800 * 6001024 * 768
    VGA786789792

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