Storage Type

Last updated: 2019-09-12 17:35:22

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COS offers three object storage classes for different object access frequencies: standard storage, standard infrequent access storage, and archive storage.

When an object is uploaded, if the storage class is not set, it defaults to standard storage.

Standard Storage

Standard storage (Standard) provides object storage services featuring high reliability, availability, and performance.

It offers low access latency and high throughput, making it suitable for business scenarios where a large number of trending files is accessed in real time with frequent data interactions.

Features

  • High performance and availability
  • Data persistence: 99.999999999%
  • Service availability: 99.95%
  • Response: Within milliseconds
  • Supported regions: All
  • Storage cost: Standard

Use Cases

Trending videos, social networking photos, mobile apps, games, and dynamic websites.

Standard Infrequent Access Storage

Standard infrequent access storage (Standard_IA) provides object storage services featuring high reliability and low storage cost and access latency.

It offers lowered pricing for storage and keeps the first-byte access time within milliseconds, ensuring that data can be fast retrieved with no wait required. However, data retrieval incurs fees. It is suitable for business scenarios where the access frequency is low (e.g., once or twice per month).

Features

  • Low-frequency access, real-time response
  • Data persistence: 99.999999999%
  • Service availability: 99.9%
  • Minimum billing duration: 30 days
  • Minimum object size: 64 KB
  • First-byte delay: Within milliseconds
  • Supported regions: All
  • Storage cost: Low

Use Cases

Online file storage, big data analytics, governmental/organizational business data, low-frequency archives, and monitoring data.

Archive Storage

Archive storage (Archive) provides objects storage services featuring high reliability, extremely low storage cost, and long-term retention.

It offers the lowest unit price of storage but requires a longer unfreezing time when data is read, making it suitable for archived data that needs to be retained for a long time.

Features

  • High data persistence and service availability, low cost
  • Data persistence: 99.999999999%
  • Service availability: 99.9%
  • Minimum billing duration: 90 days
  • Minimum object size: 64 KB
  • Response: Prior application for data restoration required
  • Supported regions: Public cloud regions only
  • Storage cost: Very low

Use Cases

Archive of compliance documents (e.g., archival data, medical images, and scientific materials), lifecycle files, operational logs, and remote disaster recovery.

Comparison of Storage Types

Item Standard Standard_IA Archive
Data persistence 99.999999999% 99.999999999% 99.999999999%
Service availability 99.95% 99.9% 99.9%
Response Within milliseconds Within milliseconds Prior application for data restoration required
Minimum object size Calculated by actual object size 64 KB 64 KB
Minimum billing duration No limit 30 days 90 days
Supported regions All All Public cloud regions only
Storage cost Standard Low Very low
Data retrieval cost None Low High
Read/write request cost Very low Low Very low (data needs to be restored to standard storage and then will be subject to the billing rules of standard storage)