Accessing COS Using the AWS S3 SDK

Last updated: 2019-11-06 14:21:12

    Overview

    COS offers AWS S3-compatible APIs. Therefore, after your data is migrated from S3 to COS, you can make your client application conveniently compatible with the COS service by simply modifying the configurations. This document describes how to adapt the S3 SDK to different development platforms. After adding adaptation, you can use the APIs of S3 SDK to access files in COS.

    Preparations

    1. You have signed up for a Tencent Cloud account and obtained the Tencent Cloud SecretID and SecretKey from the CAM Console.
    2. You have a client application that has been integrated with the S3 SDK and runs properly.

    Android

    The following describes how to adapt the AWS SDK 2.14.2 for Android to COS. If COS is accessed from a device, a permanent key placed into the client code is at great risk of being leaked; therefore, you are recommended to connect to the STS service to obtain a temporary key. For more information, see Temporary Key Generation and Usage Guide.

    Initialization

    When initiating an instance, you need to set the temporary key provider and Endpoint. Suppose that the bucket region is ap-guangzhou:

    AmazonS3Client s3 = new AmazonS3Client(new AWSCredentialsProvider() {
        @Override
        public AWSCredentials getCredentials() {
             // Here, the backend requests for a temporary key from STS
            return new BasicSessionCredentials(
                    "<TempSecretID>", "<TempSecretKey>", "<STSSessionToken>"
            );
        }
    
        @Override
        public void refresh() {
            //
        }
    });
    
    s3.setEndpoint("cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com"); 

    iOS

    The following describes how to adapt the AWS SDK 2.10.2 for iOS to COS. If COS is accessed from a device, a permanent key placed into the client code is at great risk of being leaked; therefore, you are recommended to connect to the STS service to obtain a temporary key. For more information, see Temporary Key Generation and Usage Guide.

    1. Implement the AWSCredentialsProvider protocol

    -(AWSTask<AWSCredentials *> *)credentials{
        // Here, the backend requests for a temporary key from STS
        AWSCredentials *credential = [[AWSCredentials alloc]initWithAccessKey:@"<TempSecretID>" secretKey:@"<TempSecretKey>" sessionKey:@"<STSSessionToken>" expiration:[NSDate dateWithTimeIntervalSince1970:1565770577]];
    
        return [AWSTask taskWithResult:credential];
    
    }
    
    - (void)invalidateCachedTemporaryCredentials{
    
    }

    2. Provide a temporary key provider and Endpoint

    Suppose that the bucket region is ap-guangzhou:

    NSURL* bucketURL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com"];
    
    AWSEndpoint* endpoint = [[AWSEndpoint alloc] initWithRegion:AWSRegionUnknown service:AWSServiceS3 URL:bucketURL];
    AWSServiceConfiguration* configuration = [[AWSServiceConfiguration alloc] 
        initWithRegion:AWSRegionUSEast2 endpoint:endpoint 
        credentialsProvider:[MyCredentialProvider new]]; // `MyCredentialProvider` implements the `AWSCredentialsProvider` protocol
    
    [[AWSServiceManager defaultServiceManager] setDefaultServiceConfiguration:configuration];

    Node.js

    The following describes how to adapt the AWS SDK 2.509.0 for JS to COS.

    Initialization

    When initiating an instance, set the Tencent Cloud key and Endpoint. Supposing that the bucket region is ap-guangzhou, the sample code is as follows:

    var AWS = require('aws-sdk');
    
    AWS.config.update({
        accessKeyId: "<Tencent Cloud SecretID>",
        secretAccessKey: "<Tencent Cloud SecretKey>",
        region: "ap-guangzhou",
        endpoint: 'https://cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com',
    });
    
    s3 = new AWS.S3({apiVersion: '2006-03-01'});

    Java

    The following describes how to adapt the AWS SDK 1.11.609 for Java to COS.

    1. Modify the configuration and certificate files of AWS

    Below is an example of modifying the configuration and certificate files of AWS on Linux.

    The default configuration file of the AWS SDK is typically located under the user directory. For more information, see Configuration and Certificate Files.

    • Add the following configuration information to the configuration file (located in ~/.aws/config):
      [default]  
      s3 =  
      addressing_style = virtual 
    • Configure the Tencent Cloud key in the certificate file (located in ~/.aws/credentials):
      [default]  
      aws_access_key_id = [Tencent Cloud SecretID]  
      aws_secret_access_key = [Tencent Cloud SecretKey] 

    2. Set the Endpoint in the code

    Supposing that the bucket region is ap-guangzhou, the sample code is as follows:

    AmazonS3 s3Client = AmazonS3ClientBuilder.standard()
        .withEndpointConfiguration(new AwsClientBuilder.EndpointConfiguration(
                "http://cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com", 
                "ap-guangzhou"))
        .build();

    Python

    The following describes how to adapt the AWS SDK 1.9.205 for Python to COS.

    1. Modify the configuration and certificate files of AWS

    Below is an example of modifying the configuration and certificate files of AWS on Linux.

    The default configuration file of the AWS SDK is typically located under the user directory. For more information, see Configuration and Certificate Files.

    • Add the following configuration information to the configuration file (located in ~/.aws/config):
      [default]  
      s3 =  
      addressing_style = virtual 
    • Configure the Tencent Cloud key in the certificate file (located in ~/.aws/credentials):
      [default]  
      aws_access_key_id = [Tencent Cloud SecretID]  
      aws_secret_access_key = [Tencent Cloud SecretKey] 

    2. Set the Endpoint in the code

    Suppose that the bucket region is ap-guangzhou:

    client = boto3.client('s3', endpoint_url='"https://cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com"')

    PHP

    The following describes how to adapt the AWS SDK 3.109.3 for PHP to COS.

    1. Modify the configuration and certificate files of AWS

    Below is an example of modifying the configuration and certificate files of AWS on Linux.

    The default configuration file of the AWS SDK is typically located under the user directory. For more information, see Configuration and Certificate Files.

    • Add the following configuration information to the configuration file (located in ~/.aws/config):
      [default]  
      s3 =  
      addressing_style = virtual 
    • Configure the Tencent Cloud key in the certificate file (located in ~/.aws/credentials):
      [default]  
      aws_access_key_id = [Tencent Cloud SecretID]  
      aws_secret_access_key = [Tencent Cloud SecretKey] 

    2. Set the Endpoint in the code

    Suppose that the bucket region is ap-guangzhou:

    $S3Client = new S3Client([
      'region'          => 'ap-guangzhou',
      'version'         => '2006-03-01',
      'endpoint'        => 'https://cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com'
    ]);
    

    .NET

    The following describes how to adapt the AWS SDK 3.3.104.12 for .NET to COS.

    Initialization

    When initiating an instance, set the Tencent Cloud key and Endpoint. Suppose that the bucket region is ap-guangzhou:

    string sAccessKeyId = "<Tencent Cloud SecretID>";
    string sAccessKeySecret = "<Tencent Cloud SecretKey>";
    string region = "ap-guangzhou";
    
    var config = new AmazonS3Config() { ServiceURL = "https://cos." + region + ".myqcloud.com" };
    var client = new AmazonS3Client(sAccessKeyId, sAccessKeySecret, config);
    

    Go

    The following describes how to adapt the AWS SDK 1.21.9 for Go to COS.

    1. Create a session based on the key

    Suppose that the bucket region is ap-guangzhou:

    func newSession() (*session.Session, error) {
        creds := credentials.NewStaticCredentials("<Tencent Cloud SecretID>", "<Tencent Cloud SecretKey>", "")
        region := "ap-guangzhou"
        endpoint := "http://cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com"
        config := &aws.Config{
            Region:           aws.String(region),
            Endpoint:         &endpoint,
            S3ForcePathStyle: aws.Bool(true),
            Credentials:      creds,
            // DisableSSL:       &disableSSL,
        }
        return session.NewSession(config)
    }

    2. Create a server initiation request based on the session

    sess, _ := newSession()
    service := s3.New(sess)
    
    // Take uploading a file as an example
    fp, _ := os.Open("s3_test.go")
    defer fp.Close()
    
    ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(context.Background(), time.Duration(30)*time.Second)
    defer cancel()
    
    service.PutObjectWithContext(ctx, &s3.PutObjectInput{
        Bucket: aws.String("alangz-1250000000"),
        Key:    aws.String("test/s3_test.go"),
        Body:   fp,
    })

    C++

    The following describes how to adapt the AWS SDK 1.7.68 for C++ to COS.

    1. Modify the configuration and certificate files of AWS

    Below is an example of modifying the configuration and certificate files of AWS on Linux.

    The default configuration file of the AWS SDK is typically located under the user directory. For more information, see Configuration and Certificate Files.

    • Add the following configuration information to the configuration file (located in ~/.aws/config):
      [default]  
      s3 =  
      addressing_style = virtual 
    • Configure the Tencent Cloud key in the certificate file (located in ~/.aws/credentials):
      [default]  
      aws_access_key_id = [Tencent Cloud SecretID]  
      aws_secret_access_key = [Tencent Cloud SecretKey] 

    2. Set the Endpoint in the code

    Supposing that the bucket region is ap-guangzhou, the sample code is as follows:

    Aws::Client::ClientConfiguration awsCC;
    awsCC.scheme = Aws::Http::Scheme::HTTP;
    awsCC.region = "ap-guangzhou";
    awsCC.endpointOverride = "cos.ap-guangzhou.myqcloud.com"; 
    Aws::S3::S3Client s3_client(awsCC);

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